Haym Salomon (Solomon) was an early
American financier and patriot of Jewish-Portuguese origin, who
was born in Lissa, Poland in 1740. He went to America following
some revolutionary activities in defense of Polish liberty. When
he arrived in New York, he established himself as a commission
merchant, and his personality and keen discernment soon made him
a successful financier. During the American Revolutionary War,
Salomon was with the patriotic party known as "Sons of
Liberty." This was a secret organization of American
patriots that originated in Boston to protest the Stamp Act of
British authorities and their supporters
known as Loyalists considered the Sons of Liberty as seditious
rebels, calling them sons of
violence and sons of iniquity. The Son's motto
became "No taxation without representation."At right is a sketch
of the Boston Tea Pary protest. Their membership was
mostly from the middle and upper ranks of colonial society. Some
of the more famous members were Samual Adams, Patrick Henry,
John Hancock, James Otis, Paul Revere, and Doctor Joseph Warren
, who was killed at Bunker Hill. Within a short time Haym
Salonon was made financial agent of the French government, for
which services he accepted no commission. His ability and
patriotic activities brought him to the attention of Robert
Morris, who assigned him to the office of superintendent of
finance, where he handled all the bills of exchange.
Among his many other contributions to the
colonies, Salomon subscribed heavily to government loans,
endorsed notes, gave generously to soldiers and statesmen, and
equipped several military units with his own money. He was made
interpreter during the war, and was permitted to go into the
British lines, but on two occasions was thrown into prison. He
escaped, but suffered ill health from exposure, which later led
to his death.
While living in Philadelphia (1778-85),
Salomon initiated a measure in behalf of Jewry in the state of
Pennsylvania which later resulted in more liberal conditions of
employment for them. At that time, persons seeking to qualify
for civic employment in Pennsylvania were required to take an
oath affirming their belief in the New as well as the Old
Testaments. Salomon presented a petition to the Council of
Censors on Dec. 23, 1783, in which he requested the removal of
this condition, so that public service might not be closed to
orthodox Jews. Later, the constitution of the state was so
amended. Salomon died in Philadelphia, Pa., on Jan. 6, 1785.
One Small Request
the rear of the One Dollar bill, you will see two circles.
Together, they comprise the Great Seal of the
First Continental Congress requested that Benjamin Franklin and
a group of men come up with a Seal. It took them four years to
a accomplish this task and another two years to get it approved.
If you look at the left-hand
circle, you will see a Pyramid.
Notice the f ace is lighted, and the western side is dark. This
country was just beginning. We had not begun to explore the
west or decided what we could do for Western Civilization. The
Pyramid is uncapped, again signifying that we were not even
close to being finished. Inside the capstone you have the
all-seeing eye, an ancient symbol for divinity. It
belief that one man couldn't do it alone, but a group of
men, with the help
of God, could do anything.
"In God We Trust"
is on this currency. The Latin above the pyramid, ANNUIT
COEPTIS, means "God has favored our undertaking." The Latin
below the pyramid, NOVUS ORDO SECLORUM, means "a new
order has begun." At the base of the pyramid is the Roman
Numeral for 1776 (MDCCLXXVI). If you look at the
right-hand circle, and check it carefully, you'll learn that
it's on every National Cemetery in the United States. It's also
on the Parade of Flags Walkway at the Bushnell, Florida National
Cemetery, and is the centerpiece of most hero's monuments.
Slightly modified, it is the seal of the President of the United
States, and is always visible whenever he speaks. It's
interesting that very few people know what the symbols mean.
The Bald Eagle was selected as
a symbol for victory
for two reasons: First, he
is not afraid of a storm; he is strong, and he is smart
enough to soar above it. Secondly, he wears no material
crown. We had just broken from the King of
Also, notice the shield is unsupported. This country can now
stand on its own. At the top of that shield you have a white
bar signifying congress, a unifying factor. We were coming
together as one nation. In the Eagle's beak you will read,
E PLURIBUS UNUM meaning, one from
Above the Eagle, you have the thirteen stars, representing
the thirteen original colonies, and any clouds of
misunderstanding rolling away. Again, we were coming
together as one.
Notice what the Eagle holds in his talons. He holds an olive
branch and arrows. This country wants peace, but we will
never be afraid to fight to preserve peace. The Eagle
always wants to face the olive branch, but in time of war,
his gaze turns toward the arrows.
They say that the number 13 is an unlucky number. This is
almost a worldwide belief. You will usually never see a room
numbered 13, or any hotels or motels with a 13th floor. But
think a bout this:
13 original colonies
13 signers of the Declaration
13 stripes on our flag
13 steps on the
13 letters in Annuit Coeptis
13 letters in E
13 stars above the Eagle
13 bars on that
13 leaves on the olive branch
And finally, if you notice the arrangement of the
in the right-hand circle you will see that they are
Star of David.
This was ordered by George Washington when he asked Haym
Salomon what he would like as a personal reward for his
services to the Continental Army. Salomon said he wanted
nothing for himself but that he would like something for his
people. The Star of David was the result. Few people know
that it was Salomon who saved the Army through his financial
contributions. He died a pauper.
Why don't we know these things? I didn't realize what was
involved until the story of the dollar arrived in an email.
That began my search for more knowledge, and made me vividly
aware of the never ending war to keep the freedoms we
take for granted. It reminded me of my mother's fears that
America had gone back to what the colonists fought against
during the Revolutionary War...the old King's law and
taxation. So many valiant men have given so much to
never let the recognition of our freedoms fade, yet remember
coming home to an America that didn't care. Like me, the
next time you look at an American dollar bill you'll
probably think about the terrible price of freedom.
Illinois statue of Haym Salomon standing between
George Washington and Robert Morris.